Publications

This page list all the publications that have been published about OpenCitations, that can be used to cite it in scholarly articles.

Main publication

Silvio Peroni, David Shotton (2020). OpenCitations, an infrastructure organization for open scholarship. Quantitative Science Studies, 1(1): 428-444. https://doi.org/10.1162/qss_a_00023

This publication is the canonical publication describing OpenCitations itself, as an infrastructure organization for open scholarship. The article describes OpenCitations and its datasets, tools, services and activities.

Background

David Shotton (2013). Open citations. Nature, 502 (7471): 295-297. https://doi.org/10.1038/502295a

The first scholarly article, published in Nature as a short comment, which introduces the OpenCitations Corpus.

Silvio Peroni, Alexander Dutton, Tanya Gray, David Shotton (2015). Setting our bibliographic references free: towards open citation data. Journal of Documentation, 71 (2): 253-277. https://doi.org/10.1108/JD-12-2013-0166, OA at http://speroni.web.cs.unibo.it/publications/peroni-2015-setting-bibliographic-references.pdf

The first full article describing the OpenCitations. It includes background information, presents the main ideas and work supporting the project, describes the OpenCitations Corpus, and outlines some possible future developments in terms of new kinds of data to be included, e.g. citation functions.

David Shotton (2018). Funders should mandate open citations. Nature 553: 129. https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-00104-7

A recent article published in Nature about the importance that major funders have in pushing their grant recipients to publish only in journals whose publishers ensure their references are open.

OpenCitations Indexes

Ivan Heibi, Silvio Peroni, David Shotton (2019). Software review: COCI, the OpenCitations Index of Crossref open DOI-to-DOI citations. Scientometrics, 121 (2): 1213-1228. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-019-03217-6

The publication introducing the first of the OpenCitations Indexes, i.e. COCI, the OpenCitations Index of Crossref open DOI-to-DOI citations.

Ivan Heibi, Silvio Peroni, David Shotton (2019). Crowdsourcing open citations with CROCI - An analysis of the current status of open citations, and a proposal. In Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics (ISSI 2019). http://arxiv.org/abs/1902.02534

The first publication introducing CROCI, the Crowdsourced Open Citations Index.

OpenCitations Corpus

Silvio Peroni, David Shotton, Fabio Vitali (2017). One year of the OpenCitations Corpus: Releasing RDF-based scholarly citation data into the Public Domain. In Proceedings of the 16th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2017): 184-192. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68204-4_19, OA at https://w3id.org/people/essepuntato/papers/oc-iswc2017.html

This paper introduces the OpenCitations Corpus and describes its outcomes and uses after the first year of life.

Silvio Peroni, David Shotton, Fabio Vitali (2016). Freedom for bibliographic references: OpenCitations arise. In Proceedings of 2016 International Workshop on Linked Data for Information Extraction (LD4IE 2016): 32-43. https://w3id.org/oc/paper/occ-lisc2016.html

A workshop paper, presented at LD4IE 2016, that introduces and describes the new 2016 instance of the OpenCitations Corpus, hosted by Department of Computer Science and Engineering (DISI) at the University of Bologna, and the software developed and used to populate it.

Silvio Peroni, David Shotton, Fabio Vitali (2016). Jailbreaking your reference lists: OpenCitations strike again. In Proceedings of Poster and Demo track of the 15th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2016). https://w3id.org/oc/paper/occ-poster-iswc2016.html

A short paper, presented at the poster session of ISWC 2016, that briefly introduces the 2016 instantiation of the OpenCitations Corpus.

Silvio Peroni, David Shotton, Fabio Vitali (2016). Building citation networks with SPACIN. In Proceedings of the Poster and Demo track of the 20th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management (EKAW 2016). https://w3id.org/oc/paper/spacin-demo-ekaw2016.html

A short demo paper, presented at the poster session of EKAW 2016, that shows how to use SPACIN to create all the RDF-based citation data included in the OpenCitations Corpus from information available in trusted sources, such as Europe PubMed Central, Crossref, and ORCID.

OpenCitations Data Model

Marilena Daquino, Silvio Peroni, David Shotton (2020). The OpenCitations Data Model. Figshare. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.3443876.v7

The document describing the data model used for storing data in all the OpenCitations datasets. Includes detailed definitions, explanations, and examples.

Marilena Daquino, Silvio Peroni, David Shotton, Giovanni Colavizza, Benham Ghavimi, Anne Lauscher, Philipp Mayr, Matteo Romanello, Philipp Zumstein (2020). The OpenCitations Data Model. In Proceedings of the 20th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2020) https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-62466-8_28

The conference paper presented at ISWC2020 describing the data model, its evaluation, and its current uptake.

Definitions

Silvio Peroni, David Shotton (2018). Open Citation: Definition. Figshare. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.6683855

The document defining what are the main characteristics that a bibliographic citation must have to be considered an open citation.

Silvio Peroni, David Shotton (2019). Open Citation Identifier: Definition. Figshare. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.7127816

The document defining the Open Citation Identifier (OCI), i.e. a persistent identifier scheme for open citations.

Ontologies

Silvio Peroni, David Shotton (2018). The SPAR Ontologies. In Proceedings of the 17th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2018): 119-136. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00668-6_8

This article is the first to present a bird-eye view of the whole suite of SPAR Ontologies, which are reused extensively in the OpenCitations Data Model.

Silvio Peroni, David Shotton (2012). FaBiO and CiTO: ontologies for describing bibliographic resources and citations. Web Semantics, 17: 33-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.websem.2012.08.001, OA at http://speroni.web.cs.unibo.it/publications/peroni-2012-fabio-cito-ontologies.pdf

The principle paper describing the two most important ontologies from the SPAR (Semantic Publishing and Referencing) Ontologies used to document bibliographic resources and citations within the OpenCitations datasets.

Tracking provenance and data changes

Silvio Peroni, David Shotton, Fabio Vitali (2016). A document-inspired way for tracking changes of RDF data - The case of the OpenCitations Corpus. In Proceedings of 1st Workshop on Detection, Representation and Management of Concept Drift in Linked Open Data (Drift-a-LOD 2016): 26-33. https://w3id.org/oc/paper/occ-driftalod2016.html

A workshop paper, presented at Drift-a-LOD 2016, that explains which provenance information is stored in the OpenCitations Corpus, and also describes the mechanism implemented for tracking changes in OCC entities.

Tools

Ivan Heibi, Silvio Peroni, David Shotton (2019). Enabling text search on SPARQL endpoints through OSCAR. Data Science, 2 (1-2): 205-227. https://doi.org/10.3233/DS-190016

An article introducing the latest version (Version 2.0) of OSCAR, the OpenCitations RDF Search Application, a user-friendly search platform that can be used to search any RDF triplestore providing a SPARQL endpoint.

Ivan Heibi, Silvio Peroni, David Shotton (2018). OSCAR: A Customisable Tool for Free-Text Search over SPARQL Endpoints. In Semantics, Analytics, Visualization - SAVE-SD 2017 and SAVE-SD 2018 Revised Selected Papers: 121-137. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-01379-0_9, OA at https://save-sd.github.io/2018/accepted/heibi/index.html

The first article introducing OSCAR, the OpenCitations RDF Search Application, a user-friendly search platform that can be used to search any RDF triplestore providing a SPARQL endpoint.

Marilena Daquino, Ilaria Tiddi, Silvio Peroni, David Shotton (2018). Creating Open Citation Data with BCite. In Emerging Topics in Semantic Technologies: 83-93. https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-894-5-83, OA at http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2184/paper-01.pdf

The first article introducing BCite, a tool that creates open citation data compliant with the OpenCitations Data Model.